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CSS animation-direction

March 20, 2021 CSS ANIMATION 1896

The animation-direction property is used to specify whether an animation plays forwards, backwards or a combination of the two.

CSS

animation-direction: value;

Animations in CSS allow you to change the state of an element. While the animation-direction property is used to specify the direction of animations, there are other animation properties as well like animation-name, animation-duration, animation-timing-function, animation-delay, animation-iteration-count, animation-fill-mode and animation-play-state.

See the Pen CSS animation-direction example by Aakhya Singh (@aakhya) on CodePen.

Click on the RERUN button in the above demo to see the animation from beginning.

Note: For animations to be effective, it is necessary to define the animation-duration property because the duration of animations is zero by default.

Values

normal : The animation plays in forward direction (as usual).

reverse : The animation plays in reverse direction.

alternate : The animation plays first in forward and then in backward direction.

alternate-reverse : The animation plays first in backward and then in forward direction.

initial : Sets the default value of the property.

inherit : Inherits the value from parent element.

Examples

In the following example, an animation named "merry-go-round" is defined using @keyframes which rotates an object by 360 degrees clockwise along the Z-axis. When this animation is applied to images, the duration of one animation cycle is set to 2 seconds and the iteration count of the animation cycles is set to infinite.

Look at the effect of different animation-direction values on the animations. The prefix -webkit- is used for better browser support.

See the Pen CSS animation-direction example by Aakhya Singh (@aakhya) on CodePen.

Click on the RERUN button in the above demo to see the animation from beginning.

Look at another example in which the direction of an animation applied to a div is set to alternate.

See the Pen CSS animation-direction example by Aakhya Singh (@aakhya) on CodePen.

Click on the RERUN button in the above demo to see the animation from beginning.

Browser Support

This property is supported in all the major browsers.


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