Level 1

1.

What is a pre-processor?

2.

What is the difference between a macro and a function?

Level 2

1.

Write a macro to calculate area and perimeter of a rectangle.

Answer

```
#include <stdio.h>
#define area(l,b) (l*b)
#define perimeter(l,b) (2*(l+b))
int main()
{
printf("Area is %d and perimeter is %d.\n",area(5,2),perimeter(5,2));
return 0;
}
```

2.

Write a macro to compare two numbers.

Answer

```
#include <stdio.h>
#define equal(a,b) (a==b)
int main()
{
printf("%d\n",equal(5,2));
printf("%d\n",equal(5,5));
return 0;
}
```

3.

Write a macro to find average of two numbers.

Answer

```
#include <stdio.h>
#define avg(a,b) ((a+b)/2.0)
int main()
{
printf("%f\n",avg(5,2));
return 0;
}
```

4.

Write a macro to find absolute value of number.

Answer

```
#include <stdio.h>
#define abs(a) ((a<1)?(-1*a):a)
int main()
{
printf("%d\n",abs(-5));
printf("%d\n",abs(5));
return 0;
}
```

5.

Write a macro to calculate simple interest from principal, rate of interest and time.

Simple interest = (principal*rate of interest*time)/100.

Simple interest = (principal*rate of interest*time)/100.

Answer

```
#include <stdio.h>
#define si(p,r,t) ((p*r*t)/100.0)
int main()
{
printf("%f\n",si(1000,12,3));
return 0;
}
```

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